Overview & Procedure
A caudal steroid injection is a minimally invasive treatment option for patients suffering from chronic low back pain and limb pain. This injection procedure uses a steroid medication and anesthetic mixture to relieve pain and reduce inflammation caused by common back conditions like herniated discs, bone spurs, sciatica, and more. Caudal sSteroid injections are performed on an outpatient basis, allowing the patient to return home the same day.
During the procedure, a Southwest Spine and Pain Center physician preps the surgical site by sanitizing the area and administering a local anesthetic to reduce pain. Once the anesthetic has taken effect, the physician will insert a needle through the sacral hiatus, an opening at the lower end of the sacrum, and inject a contrast dye. Using a fluoroscope, the physician will ensure the treatment needle is placed in the correct location. Once the location has been confirmed, the physician will inject the steroid-anesthetic mixture into the inflamed nerves. When the procedure is complete, the needle will be removed and a bandage will be placed over the injection site.
Immediately after the procedure, patients are sent to a separate room to recover. During this time, the patient’s vitals are monitored for any signs of an adverse reaction. When the patient is cleared by the physician, he or she will be sent home with a set of aftercare instructions to ensure an optimal recovery. Patients may be asked to clean and change their bandage at least once a day and drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and promote healing. Other aftercare instructions may include ways to manage post-procedural pain, such as applying ice packs, resting, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers. Patients should call Southwest Spine and Pain Center immediately if they begin to experience increased pain, fever, swelling, redness around the injection site, and other adverse side effects.